Welcome to the My First Five Years Articles page. Here you will find more in depth information about our 6 streams of development.
Cognitive development refers to the process in which our brain builds, processes and develops information to allow us to understand the world around us. It helps us to develop skills such as thinking, memory, processing and understanding.
Fine motor skills are small, detailed movements that involve using the tendons and cartilage in your wrists, hands, fingers, and thumbs. They are slight movements that we don’t give much thought to. However, they are complex and involve the coordination of the eyes, brain and muscles to allow us to develop movements such as holding, grasping, pinching, and releasing small objects. They are thought to be essential in supporting children’s overall learning and development.
It’s a proud moment when your child first masters the art of handwriting their own name. But don’t despair if your child isn’t ready to put pen to paper. It’s a hugely complex task that requires coordinating the movements in the eye with the small muscles in the wrists – and it takes years to refine.
Fine motor skill is something that begins developing as soon as your child is born, and children make numerous fine motor milestones throughout their early childhood. As they begin to experiment and master their new skills, there is a wide range of methods and activities that can support their fine motor development. Many ideas can be found for every stage of fine motor development on the My First Five Years app, as well as detailed breakdowns on each small stage of development along the way.
Speech and language development is a huge part of early childhood. However, tracking and supporting this skill area may feel difficult for parents who are deaf.
A relationship-based approach to childcare is one that is founded on a strong relationship between the child, childcare provider, and their family in order to support the best possible development outcome for the child.
It is common for children to develop skills at varying rates. Even siblings can hit milestones at different stages of development from one another.
Sensory development is the way in which children learn to use their senses to explore the world around them and the way that they use information from their senses to help them to move, balance and respond to their needs. As children grow, they will use their senses of vision, touch, taste, smell, hearing, proprioception (sense of their body), vestibular sense (balance) and interoception (awareness of sensations inside their body) to explore and learn about themselves and the world around them.
It is often thought that creativity is about the arts. This can be true of dance, sculpture, painting and drawing, for example, as these can all foster creativity. But it is also possible to be creative in scientific ways. Creative-scientific explorations can involve problem-solving, testing an idea to see if it works or is true, investigating, discovering and inventing. Creativity was traditionally thought to be limited to a special set of ‘creative’ people, however, we can all be creative given the opportunity.